Myanmar (The Golden Land)
Union of the Republic of Myanmar, which is also known as The Golden Land, is located in Southeast Asian and bordered with Thailand, Laos, China, India, and Bangladesh. Myanmar which has a total land area of 261,227 square miles (676,578 square km) is the world’s 40th largest country and the second largest country in Southeast Asia. One-third of Myanmar’s total perimeter of 1,200 miles (1,930 km) forms an uninterrupted coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.
Myanmar is home to some of the early civilizations of Southeast Asia including the Pyu which establishment dated back to 2nd centuries BC. Today Myanmar is ethnically diverse and there are 135 government recognized distinct ethnic groups.
Myanmar is full of natural beauties and has lots of things to explore. One could explore rich archaeological sites, rich cultures and histories, glittering pagodas, temples, white sand beaches, snow-capped mountains, rainforest, and many more. Last but not least, Myanmar people are very hospitable as well. Myanmar is the country you should not miss in your travel calendar. We are pretty sure you will have a very memorable and unforgettable travel experience in Myanmar.
Yangon is a former capital of Myanmar and serves as the main gateway to Myanmar by air and sea. Yangon is the largest city and administrative capital of Myanmar and more than 4 million people lived in the Greater Yangon metropolitan area alone.
Downtown Yangon is known for its leafy avenues and colonial architecture. The former British colonial capital has the largest number of colonial buildings in the region today and it still retains much of its colonial character. The world famous Shwedagon Pagoda, the landmark of Myanmar, is also the pride of Yangon. According to legend, it was erected more than 2,500 years ago and eight hairs of the Buddha enshrined in a treasure chamber deep under its base. The golden dome rises 99.3 meters above its base and is covered with 11 tons of pure gold. At the tip-off, the spire is a gold orb 10 inches in diameter inset with 4351 diamonds, totalling 1800 carats.
The highlight of the city is, of course, the Shwedagon Pagoda, Chauk Htat Gyi Reclining Buddha, Sule Pagoda, Botahtaung Pagoda, National Museum and the shopping trip to Boyoke (Scott) Market. If you have one evening to spare, take a stroll down to Bustling and busy China Town which is located in the downtown Yangon. In China town, you could find Chinese temples, many golds and Jewelry shops, restaurants, roadside food stalls, and fruits vendors and experience the local way of life.
If you are first time travelling here and wondering where to go, the following information will help you educate where to visit when you are in Myanmar. You can also plan your convenient itinerary with the best tour operators in Myanmar.
Further away is Kyaut Tan (Ye Le) pagoda which is built on a small island in the middle of a river. An impressive collection of paintings, sculptures and other fine demonstrations of Burmese Buddhist artwork and craftsmanship could be seen at the Kyant Tan (Ye Le) Pagoda.The small but busy morning bazaar near the jetty is the type of those in any small Myanmar Town. The route from the Thanlyin Bridge to this pagodas is lined by monasteries and pagodas, lotus-covered lakes and small wooden houses in traditional village style.
Bago is a city and the capital of Bago Region in Myanmar and it is located 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Yangon. It was an ancient capital of Mon Kingdom in the 16th century and known as the Hanthawaddy Kingdom under the Mon.
Since it is only two hours’ drive away from Yangon, day return trip to Bago could be possible. The world’s second largest Reclining Buddha (Shwethalyaung Buddha) is located at Bago. The Buddha Statue has a length of 180 feet (55m) and a height of 52 feet (16m).
Other attractions include Shwemawdaw Pagoda, Kyaik Pun Pagoda which is home to 90 feet (27m) four seated Buddha Shrine, the Mon old Palace site (Kanbawzathadi Palace), Hinn Tha Gone Pagoda, Kyakhatwine monastery, and Bago market.
Kyaik Hti Yo (Golden Rock Pagoda)
The famous legendary Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda which is also known as golden rock Pagoda is the well-known Buddhist Pilgrimage site in Kyaikhto town which is located at Mon State, Myanmar. Kyaikhtiyo pagoda is a small spire 18 feet (5.5 m) high which is believed to enshrine a hair relic of the Buddha and believed to be built during the lifetime of Buddha.
The rock and the pagoda are at the top of Mount Kyaikhtiyo which is 3615 feet (1100m) above sea-level. It is an 11 km uphill climb for the hikers from Kinpun base camp to the rock, if we trek, it takes 7 hours to walk. Alternatively, one could take a 1-hour ride on the open truck to Hermit hill. Then, 45 minutes trek to reach the Golden Rock. For those who could not trek, the palanquins are available.
It is the third most important Buddhist Pilgrimage site in Myanmar after Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon and Mahamyatmuni Buddha image in Mandalay.
Taungoo is the city in the Bago Region and located 175 miles from Yangon. It is the only place for the tourists where you can get good accommodation on Yangon-Mandalay road. The city is famous in Myanmar History for the Taungoo Dynasty which ruled the country for over two centuries between the 16th and 18th centuries.
It is one of the main gateways to Bago Yoma and it’s teak forests in which you can see how elephants work. But the working site is not fixed as it is moving around, so need to follow where they are. Taungoo is only good as a stop-over to avoid tediously (14 hours) drive between Yangon and Mandalay.